1990: Space telescope in orbit
The crew of the U.S. space shuttle Discovery places the Hubble Space Telescope, a long-term space-based observatory, into a low orbit around Earth.
The space telescope, conceived in the 1940s, designed in the 1970s, and built in the1980s, was designed to give astronomers an unparalleled view of the solar system, the galaxy, and the universe. Initially, Hubble’s operators suffered a setback when a lens aberration was discovered, but a repair mission by space-walking astronauts in December 1993 successfully fixed the problem, and Hubble began sending back its first breathtaking images of the universe.
Free of atmospheric distortions, Hubble has a resolution 10 times that of ground-based observatories. About the size of a bus, the telescope is solar-powered and orbits Earth once every 97 minutes. Among its many astronomical achievements, Hubble has been used to record a comet’s collision with Jupiter, provide a direct look at the surface ofPluto, view distant galaxies, gas clouds, and black holes, and see billions of years into the universe’s past. From History.com
LITERARY Robinson Crusoe is published, 1719
MUSIC Ella Fitzgerald is born,1917
OLD WEST A play lionizing Davy Crockett opens, 1831
PRESIDENTIAL Truman inaugurates White House bowling alley, 1947
SPORTS Maple Leafs win third Stanley Cup in a row,1964
TODAY IN MICHIGAN HISTORY
Louis Cramton is appointed to the Michigan Women’s Commission. A former state representative from Midland, Louis Cramton was appointed by Governor William G. Milliken to serve on the fifteen-member commission whose mission included overcoming gender discrimination and recognizing women’s accomplishments.
Source: Michigan History
The Detroit Tigers defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 14-13 at Bennett Park in the first American league game ever played.
The St. Lawrence Seaway opened. This 400-mile waterway connected Michigan to the Atlantic Ocean bringing trade and foreign marine species.
Source: Historical Society of Michigan
This Day in Wisconsin History